Maria Kalyakina

3 May 2021

Read 10 min.

While everyone is happy with the long-awaited news about the return of charters to the resorts of the Red Sea, we have compiled a small list of what you can and should see in Egypt right now. And these are not pyramids 🙂


500-year-old fortress of Kite Bay

The main attraction of Alexandria, the fortress of Kite Bay, is famous primarily for its location: it was built on the foundations of one of the seven wonders of the world – the Pharos lighthouse. Yes, the same lighthouse that they talk about in grade 5 in history lessons. The lighthouse was destroyed by a series of earthquakes and a hundred years later a powerful citadel was built in its place to protect against the Ottomans.


Photo: yandex.net

For 500 years, the fort has gone through a lot: the Ottoman Turks, Napoleon, the bombing of the British army. Since the 80s of the last century, the completely restored fortress has housed the Maritime Museum with exhibits from the Roman Empire.

Kite Bay looks gorgeous, like the scenery for an adventure movie. It is better to come here with organized excursion – there are no audio guides or excursions on site. The entrance ticket costs 25 Egyptian pounds (about 120 rubles). The fortress is open daily from 9 am to 4 pm.

Revived Library of Alexandria

Many remember the Library of Alexandria from school: the main scientific center of antiquity, the largest repository of knowledge, almost half a million papyrus scrolls. It was burned by Julius Caesar, after which it became a symbol of ancient science for many centuries.

Photo: upload.wikimedia.org

At the end of the 20th century, the Egyptians began to think about its revival. They attracted UNESCO and in 2002 opened a new Library of Alexandria. Now it is a modern cultural center, which includes 4 small museums, an art gallery, a planetarium and even the International School of Information Sciences, which trains librarians for the entire Middle East. With books, too, everything is in order: the library fund has 8 million copies.

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The modern library in Alexandria is an architectural monument, the pride of the Egyptians and one of the main attractions of the city. Symbolic fact: during the revolution in 2011, the Alexandrians surrounded her with a human chain to prevent looters from setting fire to the building.

Photo: bestvietnam.ru

The library is located in the very center of the tourist part of the city, not far from the Kite Bay fortress. The entrance ticket costs 70 Egyptian pounds (about 350 rubles), museums are paid separately. Inside you can take an audio guide or a full guided tour. Children under 14 years old are not allowed into the reading room; from 7 years old, entrance to library museums is allowed.

Catacombs

In the west of Alexandria, in the Karmuz region, there is another attraction of ancient Egypt – the Greco-Roman catacombs of Kom-el-Shukaf. They were discovered by accident at the beginning of the last century, and they were opened for visiting quite recently, in 1995.

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This is an ancient necropolis, “the city of the dead”, where members of noble families were buried. The name Kom-el-Shukafa translates as “hill of fragments” because of the large number of shards of pottery brought to the graves by the relatives of the dead. The catacombs are well preserved: burial halls, columns, corridors, a room for funeral rites, stone sarcophagi, bas-reliefs on the walls – everything is in fair condition.

Photo: etipodroze.files.wordpress.com

Organized excursions lead here, but you can see everything on your own for 80 Egyptian pounds (about 400 rubles).

Cairo Egyptian Museum

The tourist gem of Cairo, the world’s largest repository of ancient Egyptian art is located in Tahrir Square, in the heart of the city. Inspection of the Cairo Museum is included in the majority author tours in Egypt… Here are kept the burial mask of Tutankhamun, jewelry and clothes of the woman-pharaoh Hatshepsut, a 10-meter statue of Ramses II, hundreds of mummies and another 160 thousand exhibits from all periods of ancient Egypt.

Screenshot 2021-05-03 at 22.43.03.pngPhoto: funart.pro

The Cairo Museum is one of the most famous museums in the world, tourists are taken here by buses, so it is better to plan a visit in the morning or evening. As with other great museums such as the Hermitage or the Louvre, it will take several years to fully explore it. Therefore, we recommend that you draw up a plan of the exhibits that you would like to see first, and download the audio guide in advance (there are none in the museum itself) or take a group excursion.

A ticket to the Cairo Museum costs 200 Egyptian pounds (about 1000 rubles), the same is the cost of a photo permit.

Muhammad Ali Mosque

The main attraction of the Egyptian capital, the largest mosque in Cairo, can be seen from anywhere in the city. It is located at the highest point inside the citadel, something like our Red Square. The mosque is named after its founder, the Egyptian ruler of the 19th century, Muhammad Ali, who was originally an Ottoman governor, and became one of the main people in the history of modern Egypt.

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Photo: weatlas.com

The mosque is notable for its size and style: it combines the features of the Constantinople mosques of the Istanbul school of architecture and Egyptian temple buildings. Inside there is a huge prayer hall, galleries with columns, a fountain with a domed roof and a tower with a non-moving clock, which was presented to Muhammad Ali by the French king Louis-Philippe.

The mosque is active, so do not forget to take off your shoes when entering (for 5 pounds you can buy shoe covers). Open from 8 am to 5 pm on weekdays, until 6 pm on weekends. The entrance ticket costs 100 Egyptian pounds (about 500 rubles).

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