Design encyclopedia: Denmark’s top 5 iconic designers

Design encyclopedia: Denmark's top 5 iconic designers

Design encyclopedia: Denmark's top 5 iconic designers

Content

  • Arne Jacobsen

  • Poul Henningsen

  • Kaare Klint

  • Hans Wegner

  • Finn Juhl

Exploring the legacy of Danish modernists.

Arne Jacobsen

Arne Jacobsen is perhaps the most famous Danish architect and designer of the modernist era. The objects of his authorship are well recognizable; they were ahead of their time, included in design textbooks and are often found in modern interiors.

Bellevue lamp, Arne Jacobsen.  Source: suiteny.com

Jacobsen’s first known work was a wicker chair for the 1925 Paris exhibition Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes.

Parisian armchair, Arne Jacobsen.  Source: scandinavia-design.fr

Then Jacobsen was engaged in the construction of facilities in the resort area near Copenhagen. The designer has designed beach towers, gas stations, buildings and restaurants of the resort (including furniture), as well as facilities for the Novo pharmaceutical factory.

The Ant chairs were first designed for the dining room at the Novo factory by Arne Jacobsen.  Source: atable.ru

In the 1950s, he was inspired by American extruded plywood technology. Objects made in this technique look very sculptural. Hence the nicknames-associations: “Ant” (Ant), “Language” (Tongue), “Seagull” (Seagull). The design of these chairs allows them to be separated from the base, changing, for example, legs to casters.

Chairs designed by Arne Jacobsen.  Source: medium.com

Jacobsen’s legendary project is the SAS Royal Hotel in Copenhagen. It is a skyscraper in which everything – from architecture and furniture to window frames, lamps, carpets and even cutlery – was designed by Jacobsen himself. Today, the details of the hotel’s furnishings can be studied as an encyclopedia of design: chairs “Egg” and “Swan”, chairs “Drop” and “Giraffe”, armchair and sofa “Airport” – all of these items were designed for SAS Royal.

Furniture for the SAS Royal Copenhagen hotel.  Source: designhotels.me

Another Jacobsen project is St Catherine’s College, Oxford. The Oxford chair, armchairs and dormitory tables were designed for him.

St Catherine's College, Oxford.  Source: fritzhansen.com

Poul Henningsen

Architect Paul Henningshe grew up in a bohemian environment, worked as a writer and publicist, wrote a column in a newspaper. He had no architectural education.

He presented his first items at the exhibition “Your Home” in Copenhagen in 1931. At that time they did not enjoy success, but time put everything in its place: chairs made of bent tubes are recognized as masterpieces of world design. For example, the Snake chair is on display at the MOMA Museum in New York.

Chairs made of bent tubes designed by Paul Henningsen (first on the left is the “Snake” chair).  Source: markanto.de

Henningsen went down in design history as the author of luminaires with an unusual reflective shade structure, thanks to which the bulb is hidden from view from all sides. The fact is that Henningsen, like many of his contemporaries, longed for kerosene lamps and did not recognize electric light, considering it too harsh and unpleasant. The first lamp designed in this way, the Paris Lamp, was exhibited in Paris in 1925.

Lighting fixtures designed by Henningsen.  Source: stylepark.com

From the late 1920s to the late 1950s Henningsen designs dozens of similar luminaires in aluminum and glass, the most famous of which are the PH 5 and Artichoke.

Luminaires Artichoke and PH 5. Sources: myran.gr, finnishdesignshop.com

Kaare Klint

Kaare Klint is an iconic figure in the world of Danish design: in 1920 he opened a furniture design department at the Copenhagen Academy of Arts. Most Danish furniture designers in the 1950s are apprentices or apprentices of Clint’s apprentices.

Furniture designed by Kaare Klint.  Source: squarespace.com

Clint’s own work does not belong to modernism – rather, he is a traditional designer. In his designs, the designer always started from neo-classicism of the early 20th century and rethought the tradition: not inventing new designs, but improving and correcting the existing ones. In fact, he cut off everything unnecessary, simplified and reduced the number of parts. As a result, the form began to coincide with the function, which turned out to be consonant with the philosophy of the then avant-garde Bauhaus.

Safari chair, Kaare Klint.  Source: nytimes.com

The most famous furniture models are Faaborg and Safari chairs, corrugated origami lamps, compact sofas and Voltaire armchairs.

Faaborg chairs and Addition sofa, Kaare Klint.  Sources: scandinavia-design.fr, contextgallery.com

Hans Wegner

Cabinetmaker Hans Wegner began his career in the 1930s as a collaborator at the Arne Jacobsen architectural firm. He constantly participated in furniture exhibitions, where he was noticed by the Americans, and over time became the most famous Danish designer in America.

Chairs Valet and Wishbone, Hans Wegner.  Sources: christies.com, theinterioreditor.com

As a true craftsman, he works out every detail in detail and looks more like a sculptor than a designer. His most famous works include the Peacock, Ox and Dolphin chairs, as well as the Shell, Wishbone and Jack chairs ( Valet). The Getama chair was one of the first models to feature cushions.

Peacock chair and Shell chair by Hans Wegner.  Source: pinterest.com

Finn Juhl

Another artisan “sculptor” is Finn Yul. He studied at the Royal Academy of Copenhagen, designed furniture and participated in exhibitions.

His work was not immediately accepted by the Danish public. Unlike his colleagues, Yul gravitated towards surrealism and organic forms, which seemed too effective against the background of the strictly verified and rational works of other modernists. Contemporaries laughed at the unusual forms of furniture, which were based on anatomical contours; Finn Juhl himself said that “a comfortable chair for a person must itself be a person.”

Chairs

Due to the cold reception of critics until the 50s, Finn Juhl was considered a “second tier” designer in Denmark. However, the situation was again influenced by the Americans. Yule’s work has been exhibited at the Georg Jensen showroom in New York and is very popular with the community. The designer was invited to design the furnishings of the Danish embassy and one of the halls of the UN headquarters in New York.

French armchairs, Finn Yul.  Source: architonic.com

Yul has worked extensively with Scandinavian Airlines, designing the interiors of the cabins and terminals. He also participated in the design of exhibitions of Scandinavian designers. The most famous pieces of furniture of that time were the Pelikan and Grasshopper chairs, the Egyptian and Chieftain chairs, and several soft sofas: Wall, Baker, 46 and striking examples of cabinet furniture. For his own home, the designer designed the organic Poet sofa. It was conceived so short especially so that people who find themselves on it could not help but start talking to each other.

Poet Sofa, Finn Yul.  Source: atable.ru

Yul’s popularity grew: for example, at the end of the 20th century, the Japanese showed interest in his work – the “organic” aesthetics of the designer’s furniture turned out to be very close to them. As for the heritage in his homeland, Yul’s house in Copenhagen was preserved as a museum, along with furnishings and furniture, most of which he made with his own hands.

Finn Yule House Museum.  Source: danishfurniture.dk

See also  The world of design: What habits can be adopted from residents of other countries
About Leona Smith 115 Articles
Hello! My name is Silke and this is my travel blog. I want to show you fascinating places off the beaten track, give you a gentle introduction to history and culture, and help you get around Berlin. After 13 years in Sydney and Andalusia, I now live in Berlin, Germany. I am a travel writer, translator and book author. Read more about me here.

Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.


*