Interim results of the renovation: what happened over the year?
The Moscow renovation program is four years old – counting down from the June 2017 vote. Then the owners of apartments in houses built in 1957-1968 expressed their opinion about the demolition of their homes and moving to new buildings. Cyan. The magazine summed up some results.

The program is designed until 2032 – in total, it will last 15 years. During this period, the metropolitan mayor’s office promised to resettle more than 350 thousand apartments with a total area of ​​about 16.4 million square meters. m is 5175 houses. The move will affect approximately 1 million Muscovites. In the first five years, it is planned to build 308 houses (4.5 million sq. M.), Which will relocate 160 thousand people.

Over the course of the year, the program had controversial situations, reasons for joy, and ups and downs. In short, the results look like this.

1. The main reasons for complaints of Muscovites (during the reporting period, Muscovites’ pains did not heal – in more detail Pain of Muscovites):

– quality of construction of houses for resettlement;

– Providing less living space;

– lack of a clear resettlement schedule;

– the need to constantly confirm and monitor the fact of refusal to participate in the program of houses whose residents do not want to move;

– an increase in the number of urban planning disputes being tried in court, a significant part of them are related to construction under the renovation program – residents of those houses that do not participate in the program are also opposed (but construction projects are being developed under their windows).

2. Due to the rise in prices for building materials (it was provoked by the next financial crisis, the fall in the ruble exchange rate and the acceleration of inflation), some experts foundthat the dates for the implementation of the program will be postponed.

3. In August 2020 was published the resettlement schedule is, however, rather vague, but the townspeople got at least a rough idea of ​​when they should prepare for the move.

4. The program has expanded beyond Moscow and will now be implemented in the Moscow region: in total it is planned to relocate more than 1 million people.

5. In Moscow will be erected twice as many renovated new buildings as necessary (45 million square meters instead of 22 million), admitted the head of the Department of Urban Development Policy of Moscow Sergei Levkin.

6. The Federal Law was adopted “On amendments to the Urban Planning Code of the Russian Federation and certain legislative acts in order to ensure the integrated development of territories” of December 30, 2020 No. 494-FZ, or the so-called law on the integrated development of territories, which simplifies the procedure for seizing land for construction. As a result, for demolition risk going even those houses that were not even close to being renovated.

7. President Vladimir Putin signed a law on all-Russian renovation, which should increase the volume of housing construction to 120 million square meters. m per year. Deputy and author of the law on Moscow renovation Galina Khovanskaya considersthat an all-Russian law would legalize the forced confiscation of housing from Russians.

8.In March 2021 reportedthat the main part of large contracts under the program (for a total of 154 billion rubles – this is the construction of 1.9 million sq. m. of housing) were divided among themselves by the developers FGC, MIC, “Krost”, Regionzhilstroy and PIK. At the end of June, it became known that the PIK structure turned out
the only participant in three tenders for complex services of technical customers and contractors in Kuzminki and Golyanovo. The total value of the contracts is 190.2 billion rubles.

9. Exactly on the fourth anniversary of the Federation Council program suddenly suggested instead of demolishing, granting preferential loans to Russians for the modernization of five-story buildings.

Now let’s take a closer look at some of the items on the agenda of the year.

“Explaining the essence of things”

Taking this opportunity, Cyan. The magazine asked the press service of the Renovation Fund how the work with objections is going on today: after all, conflicts on the ground break out here and there.

“Work with the population is carried out by the prefecture of the district, as it has the appropriate powers,” explained Irina Tsibiy, head of the fund’s press service. – We communicate only in terms of citizens’ appeals to the organization, explaining the essence of things. Citizens’ applications come to us via e-mail ([email protected]) and on social networks (response time – one business day). ”

Most often, says Irina Tsibiy, Muscovites are interested in projected or already under construction houses and the mechanism of additional purchase. By the way, as Sergei Levkin, the head of the Department of Urban Planning Policy of the capital, said at the Moscow Urban Forum, the city authorities noted a great demand for the purchase of additional square meters when relocating to renovated apartments. writes “RIA News”.

The official also announced an increase in applications for joining the program of those residents of five-story buildings who had previously withdrawn from the program. At the same time, Sergei Levkin explained that “unfortunately, the federal law has set limits” and “most likely there will be another stage when it will be possible to form a new program.”

Pain of Muscovites

Cyan: The magazine has repeatedly written about the problems complained about by the participants in the renovation program. Some topics do not become obsolete even after years: for example, “Stories of Demolished Families” (about how residents of cozy apartments with high-quality repair do not want to leave their homes for the sake of living in new buildings with standard finishing) or an article “Will Moscow be covered with the second wave of renovation?” – about how the owners of apartments in houses that left the program are surprised to learn that they never managed to refuse to participate, and their houses again risk falling under the ladle.

But over the past year, new troubles have appeared.

“Renovation participants complain about getting smaller apartments” – moving Muscovites are offered apartments of a smaller area. One of these stories (“Renovation: the promised resettlement until 2032 is awaiting”) Cyan. The magazine covered in detail: Elena Malakhova and her son lived together for almost a year in their five-story building – they refused to move to an apartment of a smaller area and were waiting for a more acceptable option.

“Residents of the renovated new building in Perovo complain about mold” – in a newly commissioned and populated new building, new settlers encountered mold and leaks. The reason is simple: the use of cheaper and lower quality building materials.

“Renovation house:” There are no corridors anywhere “” – the corridors in some new apartments are so narrow that you cannot bring in furniture or put slippers into them.

“Increase property at the expense of others”

Attorney Stanislav Stankevich from the Dombrovitsky & Partners Bar Association has been watching the program from the very beginning. Cyan – The magazine asked an expert to comment on the highlights. According to him, the program was initially drawn up in such a way that the confrontation between the recent good neighbors began in all districts of Moscow almost immediately.

“The main pain is still associated with the fact that the city authorities ignore contracts of sale, privatization, inheritance documents, which in no way made property rights dependent on the wishes of neighbors. As a result, “the brother went to the brother, the neighbor went to the neighbor,” because one (for example, the owners of rooms in communal apartments or those on the waiting list) were essentially promised to increase their property at the expense of others who value their real estate, good repairs, a large green courtyard ”, – so the lawyer sees the situation.

Stanislav Stankevich clarifies that even those who believed in the program are faced with a collapse of expectations, since promises are not fulfilled (for example, about an increase in the area of ​​new apartments by 20-30%, houses no higher than 12 floors or the inadmissibility of overconsolidation, despite the fact that in reality the density increases three to four times). The expert notes that the number of immigrants who are moving not of their own free will, but after legal proceedings, is growing (and will continue to grow).

“The renovation made it possible to simplify the procedure of dispossession and throwing out tenants from their homes in a matter of hours. It got to the point that the court disposes of the expensive real estate of Muscovites without notifying the owners of the lawsuits. Some metropolitan courts make decisions on deprivation of property in just one session, and then in a day and evicted“, – says the interlocutor of Cyan.Zhurnal.

“They continue to dress up, to sue”

Concluding the summing up, let us once again return to one of the events of another year of renovation – an increase in the number of litigations related to the renovation program. This was announced in January by FederalCity news agency a lawyer, ex-candidate for the Moscow City Duma Klim Likhachev. The discussion was provoked by the phrase (from 3:00 min) of the Mayor of Moscow Sergei Sobyanin: “Usually when a house is relocated from Khrushchev, most people move, but some – 10 percent – continue to dress up and sue,” he expressed his dissatisfaction the mayor of the capital.

Commenting on this statement, Klim Likhachev admitted that the real figures are known to the Department of Municipal Property of the City of Moscow (DGI) and, possibly, to the Department of Urban Development Policy of the City of Moscow (DGP). According to the lawyer, the dynamics of the growth in the number of litigations between the DGI and the participants in the renovation is obvious (in November 2019, only a few cases of judicial resettlement were known). The good news is that the courts often side with the Muscovite plaintiffs. In the near future, Cyan. The magazine will tell in detail one of these stories.